Jun
10

Dangers of Summer Lightning

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Did you know the highest number of people being struck by lightning occurs in the summer? A lightning strike has the temperature of 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit which is hotter than the surface of the Sun, but fortunately most people who are hit by lightning survive. Less than 10% die each year from a lightning strike, still approximately 58 people do. Even though most don’t die when struck by lightning, they do deal with severe and long term effects.

Lightning can travel up to 10 miles from a storm. If you can hear thunder you are in an area where you can be hit by lightning. If you feel your hair beginning to stand, this is a bad sign. Seek shelter immediately, but stay away from trees and metal objects such as a shed. Get low and stay low, do not become the highest surface around.

The best shelter is in a house. Realize you can still be in harms way. Lightning can travel through windows, doors and wires. So stay away from the windows or doors and do not use the telephone. Most lightning injuries inside a home come from people talking on the phone where the lightning travels through the wires of the phone.

Best place in your home is the basement or a closet. Bathrooms have a lot of metal piping which the electricity can travel. Lightning doesn’t just come from thunderstorms. Volcanic eruptions, forest fires, hurricanes and nuclear detonations can all produce lightning.

If someone is hit by lightning, realize they are not full of electricity. You can touch them without getting harmed. Check to make sure they are still breathing. If not breathing, moving or coughing, begin CPR.

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Jun
06

Choking and Alone

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If you begin to choke and there is nobody around to offer assistance, you can perform abdominal thrust upon yourself. Either by using your own fist to apply pressure in the same manner as the Heimlich maneuver or you can use an immobile object such as the back of a chair, side of a table or kitchen counter.

Using the Heimlich maneuver on yourself, make a fist with one hand and place the thumb side of the fist against your stomach, just above the bellybutton. The knuckles of your fist should be pointing upwards towards the sky. Clasp your fist with your other hand and forcefully thrust your fist inwards and upwards. This thrusting action creates pressure of the diaphragm, which compresses the lungs, forcing air out of the lungs quickly to dislodge the object stuck in the trachea or air-passage. Continue thrust until the object is relieved.

If you use an immobile object, position yourself in front of the chair or table, lean forward to create a 45 degree angle. Now drop yourself straight down forcefully, just above the bellybutton. Continue thrusting until the object is relieved.

For all thrusts begin with moderate force. If needed, increase the amount of force with each subsequent thrust until the object is relieved. You should be seen by a physician even if the object was dislodged. Though it is not common, internal injures have occurred. If any signs of shock begin to manifest, call 911 immediately.

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An increase in tooth sensitivity in teenagers and young adolescent has promoted a new study on the effects sports and energy drinks have on your mouth. This new study concluded that the high acidity levels of sports and energy drinks can cause irreversible damage to tooth enamel.

Researchers found that the high acidity levels of most of sports and energy drinks essentially bathed the teeth in a bath of acid. After just 5 days of testing, they found signs of erosion and irreversible enamel damage. Tooth enamel is not regenerated and once lost it is gone forever. With more than 62% of teens consuming at least 1 of these drinks each day, dentists are finding an increase in decay and fillings for their patients.

Most teenagers when questioned felt that consuming a sport or energy drink was considered much better than drinking a soda and were surprised to learn the damaging effect these types of fluids can have on their teeth.

The best preventative measures would be to remove sports and energy drinks from your diet. If you select to continue using these products, consider reducing the number of drinks you consume and immediately rinse your mouth with water after consuming a beverage. This will help reduce the residual acid build up in your mouth. Also chewing gum of the sugar-free variety helps increase saliva and returns your mouth to its natural acidity levels.

Lastly, refrain from brushing your teeth for at least 1 hour after consumption. Brushing could distribute the acids to other portions of your mouth and increase erosion. Take care of your teeth and they will take care of you and see your dentist regularly.

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May
27

Fatal Drug Overdoses on the Rise

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The biggest rise in accidental drug overdoses are among men and woman in the 45 to 64 year range, says the National Safety Council. The National Safety Council categorizes home drug overdoses as household poisonings. Since the year 2000, there has been a 100% increase in accidental poisonings. Approximately 24,000 people in the U.S. die each year from fatal drug overdoses. The main culprits are the painkiller drugs, such as, oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl and buprenorphine. Many of those who use these drugs, don’t have a prescription. They were able to get these drugs from a friend or relative.

Symptoms of a Drug Overdose or Poisoning:
• Seizures
• Nausea
• Diminished level of responsiveness
• Unusual smells on breath
• Open containers or bottles nearby
• Abdominal pain or cramping

How to care for Patient
It’s important to act quickly in a drug overdose by calling 9-1-1. If the patient is still conscious you may call the U.S. National Poison Control Center at (800) 222-1222. They are the leading authority in the treatment of all poisonings. In a drug overdose case, never induce vomiting unless instructed to do so by the Poison Control Center. Save any vomit, bottles or containers for the emergency medical personnel. Consider having “Activated Charcoal” available. This is an over-the-counter medication which slows or prevents the absorption of the poison or drugs. This is only to be given by the advice of the Poison Control center and is not a cure. The victim still needs to proceed to a hospital, in case the poison or drugs need to be removed from the body.

Drug Overdose Prevention
Make sure to secure and monitor all prescribed medications, especially painkillers, in the home. Routinely clear out all old medications from your home medicine cabinet. Dispose of any remaining pills, after expiration dates or if they are no longer needed. And never, in any event, give someone else, medications that have not been prescribed to them by a doctor.

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May
23

Compression Only CPR

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The American Heart Association (AHA) gave a “Call to Action” for bystander witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of probable cardiac origin. The news media picked this up and announced to the public that the new AHA recommendation is to do compression only CPR. From the number of calls we received there seems to be a lot of confusion.

This call to action for bystander does NOT apply to unwitnessed cardiac arrest, cardiac arrest in infants, children, or cardiac arrest presumed to be of non-cardiac origin, such as drowning, trauma, airway obstruction, acute respiratory disease and apnea (such as associated with drug overdose).

Now if my clarification begins to sound too confusing, let me try to simplify. The new recommendation seem to be directed towards the non-trained rescuer. The idea of having more people getting involved, in providing care, would lead to more successful resuscitation. Many people may be reluctant to get involved due to the fear of contracting a disease (through mouth to mouth breaths) or being unable to provide proper CPR skills.

The new guidelines are as follows:

* If a bystander is not trained in CPR, then the bystander should provide hands-only (compression) CPR, pushing in the middle of the chest hard and fast until an AED arrives or emergency personnel take over the care of the victim.

* If a bystander was previously trained in CPR skills and is confident in his/hers ability to provide rescue breaths with minimal interruptions in chest compressions, then the bystander should provide conventional CPR using the 30:2 compression to ventilation ratio.

* If a bystander was previously trained in CPR skills and is NOT confident in his/hers ability to provide conventional CPR, then the bystander should provide hands-only (compression) CPR, pushing in the middle of the chest hard and fast until an AED arrives or emergency personnel take over the care of the victim.

If you know your skills and are confident in performing them, the best care for the victim is still CPR with compressions and rescue ventilations. On the other hand if you are reluctant or have not had proper CPR training, then beginning chest compressions alone without rescue ventilations is beneficial to the victim and should be start immediately.

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Springtime brings more bites and stings. Here’s a few suggestions for a simple allergy first aid kit.

Now that the weather is getting better and we’re planning more outdoor activities, it would be prudent to carry a few additional items to help guard and treat any type of an allergic reaction. Bees, plants and pollens can turn a simple enjoyable afternoon into a sneezing, itchy and in a severe case, a life threatening situations. By carrying a few essential items you can help combat many of these irritants.

http://youtu.be/EN83hen4D-Y

 

Here are a few items we suggest:

  • Moisturizer – Eases skin irritation due to dryness.
  • Hydro-cortisone cream – Helps treat itchy skin reactions.
  • Eye drops – Can reduce inflammation, reddening, itchy, tearing and swelling of the eyes.
  • Decongestants and Nasal Sprays – Reduce the discomfort of nasal swelling and stuffiness.
  • Antihistamines – A powerful relief for allergy symptoms.
  • Inhaler and Bronchodilators – For those who have asthma or other pulmonary distresses.
  • Epi-pen – Many of us can have a serious reaction to a substance like bee stings, shellfish or peanuts. This self-induce injection can save a person life with this sensitivity. Only a doctor can prescribe.
  • Vaseline – Rubbing a small amount of Vaseline on the inner portion of the nose with a Q-Tip has given many relief from recurring nosebleeds. When seasons change and the air gets dryer, many children suffer from frequent nose bleeds. Applying a thin layer of Vaseline to the inner portion of the nasal canal helps keep the nasal passages moist and has reported to reduce the number of nosebleeds. Apply in the morning and just before bedtime.

Those who have experienced a severe reaction to a substance should see a doctor immediately.  For future protection the physician may presribe an Epi-Pen.  This is an easily sef used injectable dose of epinephrine, which helps counteract the severe allergic reaction.  Without epinephrine an anaphylactic reaction could quickly become fatal.

Reference: First Aid

 

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May
13

Have Hayfever, Eat an Orange

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Actually eat a Northern California Mandarin orange. This specific orange contains a high amount of natural antihistamine that relieves a stuffy nose due to a cold or allergies.

A U.S. Government study found, that 10 ounces of the Owari Satsuma mandarin orange that grows in and around Placer County, contains up to 6 times the synephrine as the same quantity of other oranges. This is the same amount of synephrine you receive with an over-the-counter decongestant pill.

So next time you are feeling nose stuffiness due to pollen in the air, consider treating it naturally by eating an orange.

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May
09

Do Dogs Die From Heat Stroke?

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Absolutely, in fact during the summer months heat illnesses are one of the leading causes for an emergency Vet visit. Unlike humans, dogs do not have sweat glands and all internal heat is released from their body’s by panting, which can make dogs more susceptible to heat exhaustion if excited or exercised too vigorously during hot days. Signs of a dog in heat exhaustion are:

• Increased rectal temperature, normal temperature range is 100.5 – 102.5. (Over 104° requires action; over 106° is a dire emergency).
• Vigorous panting
• Gums become a dark red
• Dry mucus membranes (specifically around the gums)
• Lying down and unwilling to get up
• Collapse and/or loss of consciousness
• Thick saliva
• Dizziness or disorientation

If you suspect heat exhaustion, stop all activity and get the dog into shade or a cooler environment. Place wet rags on the foot pads and around the dog’s neck. If you use water to cool them, make sure it is temped and not extremely cold water. Try not to use ice, ice causes blood vessels to constrict and will prevent the core from cooling properly. Place fans to blow cool air on a dog’s coat.

If not treated, heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke which is a life threatening condition. This happens when the core body temperature is above 105° or higher. At this temperature brain and organ damage begins. Dog breeds with short noses, such as pugs, bulldogs and mastiffs are more susceptible and need to be watched more closely. To prevent heat exhaustion and heat stroke:

• NEVER leave your dog in a car. A dog’s body temperature can elevate into the danger zone in less than 20 minutes.
• Use moderate activities during hot days.
• Have plenty of water for your dog to drink.
• Give your dog ample opportunities to rest in the shade.

Some dogs can recover fully from heat stroke if it is caught early enough. Others suffer permanent organ damage and require lifelong treatment. Sadly, many dogs do not survive heat stroke. Prevention is the key to keeping your dog safe during warmer weather.

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May
06

Weight Loss and Migraines

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A recent study suggest that weight loss can reduce or eliminate migraine headaches. Over 45 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches. Migraines are painful and can reduce the quality of your life. Some of the symptoms of a migraine headache can include:

• A severe headache
• Vomitting
• Nausea
• And sensitivity to light

In two studies presented at the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, obese patients who went through gastric bypass surgery not only lost weight but reduced or eliminated the incidents of migraine headaches. In one study, of the 51 people suffering from migraines, 41 reported no incidents of migraine headaches after surgery. While an additional seven (7) people reported improvements.

Doctors cautioned, that though this information is interesting and can give them more insights to the causes of migraines, it is preliminary and has not gone through the peer review process.

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Several brothel owners in a small lakeside Swiss town have begun training their staff (prostitutes) in the use of an Automated External Defibrillators (AED). One sex club owner stated: “Having customers die on us isn’t exactly good publicity”. During strenuous activities, such as sexual intercourse, an additional burden is placed upon your cardiac system and may cause many men in poor health to go into cardiac arrest.

When an incident occurred, emergency medical services was called and the staff began CPR chest compressions on the client. Another staff member would immediately retrieve the AED. AEDs have shown to be very instrumental in helping correct a heart that’s in fibrillation. Studies have shown that resuscitation rates from cardiac arrest increases significantly when an AED is used in conjunction with CPR within the first three minutes of a victim going into ventricular fibrillation. The longer it takes for this to happen the chances of survival decreases sharply. In most cases waiting for the ambulance to arrive, may be too late.

With AEDs available and prostitutes trained in there use, these brothels are creating an extra layer of safety and protection for their clientele. For more information on AEDs or classes that include CPR Certification training, call us at 1-888-313-2444.

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